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AboutPrevention
What is pneumococcal disease?

Pneumococcal disease is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae which is responsible for a range of infections, some of which can be life threatening.1

Pneumococcal vaccination helps to protect against invasive pneumococcal disease2,3

Pneumococcal infections usually fall into one of two categories:4

  • Invasive pneumococcal infections: Occur when bacteria are detected in normally sterile body fluids such as the blood or cerebrospinal fluid.4
  • Non-invasive pneumococcal infections: Occur when there is no evidence that the bacteria has spread to normally sterile body fluids. Examples include otitis media (ear infection), sinusitis and pneumonia.4 However, non-invasive forms can become invasive.4
Invasive pneumococcal infections include:1,4

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common cause of pneumonia.5

Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most frequent causes of death from infection in Europe.5 The majority of patients with CAP are treated at home but about 1 million are hospitalised annually in the EU.5

References:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Pneumococcal Disease: Types of Infection. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/pneumococcal/about/infection-types.html. Last Accessed: August 2022European Respiratory Society. European Lung White Book. Chapter 26. Immunisation against respiratory diseases. Available at: https://www.ersnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/Respiratory_management.pdf Last Accessed: August 2022Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Pneumonia: Pneumonia Can Be Prevented-Vaccines Can Help. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/pneumonia/prevention.html Last Accessed: August 2022Ludwig E, et al. The remaining challenges of pneumococcal disease in adults. Eur Respir Rev 2012; 21:123, 57-65European Respiratory Society. European Lung White Book. Chapter 18. Acute lower respiratory Infections. Available at: https://www.ersnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/Major_respiratory_diseases.pdf Last Accessed: August 2022
Prevention

Pneumococcal vaccination helps to protect against invasive pneumococcal disease2,3

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Adverse events should also be reported to Pfizer Medical Information on 1800 633 363

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